The abaya, a traditional and culturally significant garment, holds a rich history deeply rooted in the diverse tapestry of the Muslim world. Dating back centuries, it has evolved into a symbolic attire worn by women in various regions, including North Africa, the Horn of Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and the broader Middle East.

The choice to wear this garment is often tied to special occasions, such as mosque visits, celebrations like Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, and the sacred month of Ramadan. The garment transcends mere fashion, embodying cultural identity, religious significance, and a sense of modesty.

While the abaya is prevalent in countries like Saudi Arabia, Yemen, the UAE, Morocco, Dubai, and Qatar, its adoption varies in Muslim communities outside these regions. The garment has diverse iterations, reflecting the distinct cultural nuances of different countries.

In the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, black is a predominant color, adding to the cultural significance and symbolism associated with this unique and timeless piece of clothing. The history of the abaya is intertwined with the rich cultural tapestry of these regions, serving as both practical desert attire historically and evolving into a symbol of modesty and identity.

What is an abaya?

An abaya is a long, flowing robe that is typically worn over regular clothes and loosely. With long sleeves that cover the entire torso, it reaches the feet. Abayas are typically black, although, throughout time, various variations have been made. The market is now filled with a lot more colourful abayas.

This garment is worn by many foreigners as well as indigenous ladies throughout the Middle East. Women find covering their bodies to the greatest of their abilities—leaving only their face, hands, and feet bare—to be a typical occurrence in many other Muslim nations.

Most people choose to cover their heads with a scarf that is tied like a hijab, or shayla.

What is abaya in Islam?

In Islam, an abaya is a loose-fitting, long robe or cloak worn by some Muslim women as a symbol of modesty and privacy. The primary purpose of wearing this garment is to fulfill the Islamic principle of hijab, which encourages modesty and decency in dress. The concept of a hijab extends beyond clothing and also includes behavior and attitudes that reflect a sense of modesty and privacy.

It’s important to note that the style and cultural preferences for modest dress can vary among Muslim communities. While the abaya is common in some regions, other styles of modest clothing, such as the hijab (headscarf) and jilbab, may be more prevalent in other areas. The choice to wear specific types of modest clothing is often influenced by cultural, regional, and personal factors.

What is the history of abaya in the UAE?

The history of the abaya in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is deeply rooted in cultural and religious traditions. Historically, the abaya served as practical desert attire, offering protection from the harsh sun and sand. Over time, it evolved into a symbol of modesty and cultural identity for Emirati women.

In the mid-20th century, as the UAE underwent significant social and economic transformations, including the discovery of oil, traditional clothing styles persisted. The abaya became not only a garment for practical purposes but also a cultural marker, distinguishing Emirati women and emphasizing their adherence to Islamic principles of modesty.

In contemporary UAE society, this attire has become a versatile garment, blending tradition with modern fashion. While it is not legally mandatory for all women to wear the abaya, many Emirati women choose to do so as a representation of their cultural heritage, religious values, and personal style. The abaya continues to be an integral part of the UAE’s cultural fabric, embodying a sense of identity and tradition.

Is Abaya mentioned in the Quran?

The Quranic verse, “O Prophet, tell your wives and daughters, and the believing women, to cover themselves with a loose garment. They will thus be recognized, and no harm will come to them”

(Qur’an 33:59, translated by Ahmed Ali)

Is it Compulsory to Wear an Abaya in the UAE?

In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), wearing an abaya is not compulsory for all women, including residents and tourists. However, there is an expectation for both locals and visitors to dress modestly, respecting the cultural norms of the country.

While Emirati women commonly wear this garment as part of their traditional attire, especially in public places and formal settings, non-Muslim women are not obligated to do so. The dress code for women in the UAE generally encourages modest clothing that covers the shoulders, cleavage, and knees.

In certain religious or cultural contexts, like entering a mosque, women may be required to cover their hair as a sign of respect. Tourists and expatriates should be mindful of local customs and adhere to dress guidelines, particularly in more conservative areas, to ensure cultural sensitivity and a positive experience in the UAE.


Abaya is a garment that needs to be cared for. Ensure proper care for your Abaya in Dubai with professional laundry and dry cleaning services at Modern Dry Cleaners. Enjoy 24/7 service, including free pickup and delivery. You can also visit our FB profile.

Leave a comment